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Social and Financial Inclusion through Nonbanking Institutions: A Model for Rural Romania

Xiaoguang Yue (), Yong Cao (), Nelson Duarte (), Xue-Feng Shao () and Otilia Manta ()
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Yong Cao: Research Institute of Big Data and Artificial Intelligence, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224, China
Nelson Duarte: CIICESI, School of Management and Technology, Porto Polytechnic, 4610-156 Felgueiras, Portugal
Xue-Feng Shao: Business School, La Trobe University Sydney Campus, Sydney 2000, Australia

Journal of Risk and Financial Management, 2019, vol. 12, issue 4, 1-15

Abstract: The challenges of financial systems have immediate or medium-term social effects. The financial industry is constantly searching for measures to reduce these challenges, especially for those with little or no access to financial services. While current communication technologies make services more accessible through digital mobile platforms, there are still difficulties in establishing viable customer arrangements. In addition to the increased investment in financial technologies, nonbanking financial institutions have now expanded to offer more flexible services tailored to individual circumstances, especially those in isolated rural areas. This research outlines the network model of nonbanking financial institutions in Romania, as well as a microfinance model, based on the financial analysis of four national indicators of nonbanking financial institutions. Data used are presented in absolute values, from the annual numerical series for the reference period 2007–2017. The new initiatives and features incorporated in this Romanian model should be applicable elsewhere and will actively contribute to the expansion and sustainability of financial services, with a positive inclusive impact on society.

Keywords: community finances; fiscal flexibility; individualized financial arrangements; sustainable financial services (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C E F2 F3 G (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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