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Firm Ownership and Enterprise Risk Management Implementation: Evidence from the Nordic Region

Naciye Sekerci () and Don Pagach ()
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Naciye Sekerci: Utrecht University School of Economics, Utrecht University, 3584EC Utrecht, The Netherlands
Don Pagach: Poole College of Management, NC State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA

Journal of Risk and Financial Management, 2020, vol. 13, issue 9, 1-21

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether firm ownership characteristics can explain demand for Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) implementation. Specifically, we examine the relationship between the presence of large shareholders, multiple blockholders and a dual-class share structure, and ERM implementation. To our knowledge we provide the first evidence on the effect of multiple blockholders and dual-class share structures on the implementation of ERM. ERM best practices can be considered as governance tools , used to monitor managerial discretion in risk management, ultimately reducing the agency cost of risk management. Accordingly, we analyze the demand for ERM in certain governance (e.g., ownership) settings. We use quantitative methods in our study: survey and regressions (tobit and logit models). Ownership data is hand-collected while ERM data comes from a survey conducted in the Nordic region. We find that ERM is implemented less frequently in firms where there are multiple blockholders, and where large controlling owners hold dual-class shares. These findings indicate that there is less demand for ERM’s monitoring role in firms that are associated with high agency costs. Given the increasing use of dual-class share structures, we believe further examination of ownership characteristics and corporate risk management is warranted.

Keywords: Enterprise Risk Management; ownership structure; multiple blockholders; dual-class shares; large owners; agency cost (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C E F2 F3 G (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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