Farmers’ Distress Index: An Approach for an Action Plan to Reduce Vulnerability in the Drylands of India
A Reddy (),
Anindita Bhattacharya (),
S. Venku Reddy () and
Sandra Ricart ()
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Anindita Bhattacharya: National Institute of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj (NIRD & PR), Hyderabad 500030, India
S. Venku Reddy: Participatory Rural Development Society (PRDIS), Hyderabad 500048, India
Sandra Ricart: Water and Territory Research Group, Interuniversity Institute of Geography, University of Alicante, 03690 San Vicente del Raspeig, Spain
Land, 2021, vol. 10, issue 11, 1-24
Farmer distress is a widely recognized problem in India induced by multiple causes ranging from climate variability to price volatility and the low risk-bearing ability of farmers. Tracking farmers’ distress in a localized context is a prerequisite for timely action to provide sustainable livelihood options. Therefore, a field survey was conducted with 640 dryland farmers of 10 sub-district units from two states in India with the aim to identify the major indicators based on seven dimensions of distress and to construct a multidimensional Farmers’ Distress Index (FDI) at the farmer and sub-district levels. The FDI was built with seven dimensions of distress: exposure to risk, adaptive capacity, sensitivity, mitigation and adaptation strategies, triggers, psychological factors, and impacts. The study developed a broad-based FDI which can be used as a planning tool that can address the causes of farmers’ distress and also evolve measures to tackle those causes. Based on the result, the study recommends a location-specific distress management package based on various dimensions of the FDI. The paper also suggests an upscaling strategy to identify and prioritize the highly distressed farmers as well as sub-district geographical units by tracking a few sets of variables.
Keywords: distress indicators; agrarian risks; resilience measure; distress management; India; intervention (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q15 Q2 Q24 Q28 Q5 R14 R52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:gam:jlands:v:10:y:2021:i:11:p:1236-:d:677803
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