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Expert-Based Maps as a Regional Planning Tool Supporting Nature Conservation and Production-Integrated Compensation—A German Case Study on Biodiversity Offsets

Christian Sponagel (), Andre Raichle (), Martin Maier (), Susanne Zhuber-Okrog (), Ulrike Greifenhagen-Kauffmann (), Elisabeth Angenendt () and Enno Bahrs ()
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Christian Sponagel: Department of Farm Management (410b), Institute of Farm Management, University of Hohenheim, Schwerzstraße 44, 70593 Stuttgart, Germany
Andre Raichle: Raichle-Ecology, Stahlbrunnstraße 20, 73266 Bissingen an der Teck, Germany
Martin Maier: Flächenagentur Baden-Württemberg GmbH, Gerhard-Koch-Straße 2, 73760 Ostfildern, Germany
Susanne Zhuber-Okrog: Naturschutzbund Deutschland (NABU) Stuttgart e. V., Charlottenplatz 17, 70173 Stuttgart, Germany
Ulrike Greifenhagen-Kauffmann: Landwirtschaft/Grundstücksverkehr, Liegenschaftsamt, Landeshauptstadt Stuttgart, Heustraße 1, 70174 Stuttgart, Germany
Elisabeth Angenendt: Department of Farm Management (410b), Institute of Farm Management, University of Hohenheim, Schwerzstraße 44, 70593 Stuttgart, Germany
Enno Bahrs: Department of Farm Management (410b), Institute of Farm Management, University of Hohenheim, Schwerzstraße 44, 70593 Stuttgart, Germany

Land, 2021, vol. 10, issue 8, 1-21

Abstract: Many countries worldwide have developed guidelines for offsetting impacts on nature and landscape. Suitable locations are the prerequisite for the implementation of these measures, and this might lead to conflicts with agriculture. In addition, comprehensive planning is often lacking and potential added values for nature conservation are not exploited. Concepts such as the so-called production-integrated compensation (PIC) have been introduced to give farmers the opportunity to actively participate in the offsetting process and improve cooperation. However, up to now, PIC has only rarely been put into practice. Against this backdrop, we have developed a regional planning tool for the implementation of PIC in practice. Based on geodata such as soil data, agricultural structure, or natural conditions at the field and landscape level, the general suitability, and specific measure-based recommendations for each plot can be verified with the help of a decision support system. These factors are assessed from both a nature and an agricultural perspective. The goal here is to highlight synergy effects and increase the likelihood of the proposed measures being implemented. Our tool facilitates the integrated planning of biodiversity offsets at regional level. In this way, it can promote the bundling and networking of measures. However, on-site analyses should be undertaken to complement the implementation of measures.

Keywords: biodiversity offsets; offset implementation; production-integrated compensation; nature conservation; landscape planning; agri-environmental policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q15 Q2 Q24 Q28 Q5 R14 R52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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