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Who Is the Most Effective Country in Anti-Corruption? From the Perspective of Open Government Data and Gross Domestic Product

Po-Yuan Shih (), Cheng-Ping Cheng (), Dong-Her Shih (), Ting-Wei Wu () and David C. Yen ()
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Po-Yuan Shih: Department of Finance, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Douliu 64002, Taiwan
Cheng-Ping Cheng: Department of Finance, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Douliu 64002, Taiwan
Dong-Her Shih: Department of Information Management, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Douliu 64002, Taiwan
Ting-Wei Wu: Department of Information Management, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Douliu 64002, Taiwan
David C. Yen: Jesse H. Jones School of Business, Texas Southern University, 3100 Cleburne Street, Houston, TX 77004, USA

Mathematics, 2022, vol. 10, issue 13, 1-20

Abstract: Corruption represents the misuse of public power by government departments for personal gain, hindering a country’s economic growth. Corruption cannot be eliminated by implementing the national democratic system, and mature democratic countries also exist with varying degrees of corruption. Corruption affects people’s trust in the public sector and the country’s economic development. Open government data can help people understand the governance performance of the government to reduce corruption in the public sector. Citizens can use open government data to generate innovative applications and economic value. This study uses a two-stage data envelopment analysis method to assess the anti-corruption efficiency of 21 countries from 2013 to 2017 through open government data, the corruption perception index, and GDP data. Then, the efficiency analyzed is introduced into the BCG (Boston Consulting Group) matrix to observe the distribution of these 21 countries. Analyzing the results showed that Uruguay and Costa Rica in Central and South America are the two most influential countries in fighting corruption. Turkey is at the bottom in the evaluation of anti-corruption efficiency. In addition, discussions of the included countries for their possible improvement in anti-corruption are also provided by using the association rule’s analysis. The study results will provide a reference for governments to effectively carry out anti-corruption work in the future.

Keywords: efficiency assessment; open government data; corruption perception index; anti-corruption; two-stage data envelopment analysis; association rule (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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