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Forecasting Crude Oil Risk Using a Multivariate Multiscale Convolutional Neural Network Model

Yingchao Zou and Kaijian He
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Yingchao Zou: College of Tourism, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China
Kaijian He: College of Tourism, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China

Mathematics, 2022, vol. 10, issue 14, 1-11

Abstract: In light of the increasing level of correlation and dependence between the crude oil markets and the external influencing factors in the related financial markets, we propose a new multivariate empirical decomposition convolutional neural network model to incorporate the external influence of financial markets such as stock market and exchange market in a multiscale setting into the modeling of crude oil market risk movement. We propose a multivariate empirical model decomposition to analyze the finer details of interdependence among risk movement of different markets across different time horizons or scales. We also introduce the convolutional neural network to construct a new nonlinear ensemble algorithm to reduce the estimation bias and improve the forecasting accuracy. We used the major crude oil price data, stock market index, and the euro/United States dollar exchange rate data to evaluate the performance of the multivariate empirical model decomposition convolutional neural network model. The combination of both the multivariate empirical model decomposition and the convolutional neural network model in this paper has produced the risk forecasts with significantly improved risk forecasting accuracy.

Keywords: crude oil price; value-at-risk; multivariate empirical mode decomposition (MEMD) model; multi-scale analysis; convolutional neural network model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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