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Dynamic Volatility Spillover Effects and Portfolio Strategies among Crude Oil, Gold, and Chinese Electricity Companies

Guannan Wang, Juan Meng () and Bin Mo ()
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Guannan Wang: School of Economics, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China
Juan Meng: Business School, Hunan First Normal University, Changsha 410205, China
Bin Mo: Guangzhou Institute of International Finance, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China

Mathematics, 2023, vol. 11, issue 4, 1-25

Abstract: This paper examines the dynamic relationships and the volatility spillover effects among crude oil, gold, and Chinese electricity companies’ stock prices, from 2 December 2008 to 25 July 2022. By estimating the dynamic conditional correlation (DCC) model, we identify the time-varying correlation between crude oil, gold, and Chinese electricity stocks. Then, we use the time-varying parameter VAR model (TVP-VAR) to analyze the total and net volatility spillover effects. In addition, we compare the hedge ratio strategy and the portfolio weights strategy, as well as the corresponding hedging effectiveness among the crude oil, gold, and Chinese electricity companies. Considering the impact of the extreme events, we also extend the examination to the special period analysis of two crises, the Chinese stock market crash in 2015 and the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. The results indicate that significant volatility spillover effects exist among crude oil, gold, and Chinese electricity companies’ stock volatility, and the total spillover effects show a sharp increase under the impact of the crisis. On average, gold is a much cheaper hedging tool than crude oil, whereas these two commodity assets remain net volatility receivers during the whole period and the crisis. However, it is worth noting that for specific assets, the impact of the crisis on spillover effects depends on the characteristics of crisis events and the assets analyzed. Additionally, most optimal weight strategies provide better hedging effectiveness than hedging strategies from the perspective of hedging effectiveness.

Keywords: electricity stock market; crude oil; gold; spillover effects; hedge ratios; portfolio weights; hedging effectiveness (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2023
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