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Markov-Chain Simulation-Based Analysis of Human Resource Structure: How Staff Deployment and Staffing Affect Sustainable Human Resource Strategy

Tamás Bányai (), Christian Landschützer () and Ágota Bányai ()
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Tamás Bányai: Institute of Logistics, University of Miskolc, 3515 Miskolc, Hungary
Christian Landschützer: Institute of Logistics Engineering, Graz University of Technology, 8010 Graz, Austria
Ágota Bányai: Institute of Logistics, University of Miskolc, 3515 Miskolc, Hungary

Sustainability, 2018, vol. 10, issue 10, 1-21

Abstract: Manufacturing and service processes are composed of several elements: Technical, financial, logistics, information and human resources. Staff deployment and staffing is an essential problem in the human resource management domain because the structure of employees would be continuously in an optimal relationship to the jobs to be performed. This paper proposes a conceptual model for the analysis of human resource deployment processes. After a systematic literature review, it was found that algorithms are important tools for the design and control of human resource problems since a wide range of models determines an optimization problem. According to that, the main focus of this research is the modelling and analysis of human resource deployment processes of manufacturing companies using Markov-chain mathematics, also taking into account the absorbing phenomena of employees’ promotion. The main contribution of this article includes the model framework of Markov-chain simulation of a human resource deployment problem; the mathematical description of different human resource deployment strategies with subdiagonal and superdiagonal promotion matrices; the computational results of the described model with different datasets and scenarios. In the case of a given human resource strategy, the Markovian human resource deployment process of a company was analyzed. The analyzed model was the HR deployment of assembly line operators in a multinational company, including six levels of promotion. The results of the scenario analysis show that promotion and recruitment rates have a great impact on the future employees’ structure.

Keywords: absorbing Markov-chain; career path; employee structure; machine operator; promotion of employees (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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