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On Technology in Innovation Systems and Innovation-Ecosystem Perspectives: A Cross-Linking Analysis

Cristina Caterina Amitrano (), Marco Tregua (), Tiziana Russo Spena () and Francesco Bifulco ()
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Cristina Caterina Amitrano: Department of Economics, Management, Institutions, University Federico II of Naples, Campus Monte S. Angelo, 80126 Naples, Italy
Marco Tregua: Department of Economics, Management, Institutions, University Federico II of Naples, Campus Monte S. Angelo, 80126 Naples, Italy
Tiziana Russo Spena: Department of Economics, Management, Institutions, University Federico II of Naples, Campus Monte S. Angelo, 80126 Naples, Italy
Francesco Bifulco: Department of Economics, Management, Institutions, University Federico II of Naples, Campus Monte S. Angelo, 80126 Naples, Italy

Sustainability, 2018, vol. 10, issue 10, 1-15

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to clarify the role of technology as it has been framed within Innovation System (IS) and Innovation Ecosystem (IE) literature research streams. The methodological choice is a systemic review that allows to focus on theoretical proposals by scholars and the identification of the commonalities regarding the pivotal role of technology and the differences in describing innovation-based mechanisms in both literatures. Results show that the key elements are the overall idea of technology as pivotal in driving innovation, the actors affecting technology and contributing to reach innovation-based goals, and the decisional process emerging because of technology. Furthermore, emerging features on evolution through time and knowledge-transforming mechanisms favored by technology in IE show an opportunity to learn in-depth from specific insights generated in both the literatures and to delineate a more comprehensive approach to technology related to innovation in wider interconnected contexts.

Keywords: technology; innovation system; innovation ecosystem; innovation-based mechanisms (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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