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Measuring Sustainable Development Goals at a Local Level: A Case of a Metropolitan Area in Romania

Júlia A. Nagy (), József Benedek () and Kinga Ivan ()
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Júlia A. Nagy: Faculty of Geography, Babeș-Bolyai University, Clinicilor Street, 5-7, 400006 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
József Benedek: Faculty of Geography, Babeș-Bolyai University, Clinicilor Street, 5-7, 400006 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Kinga Ivan: Faculty of Geography, Babeș-Bolyai University, Clinicilor Street, 5-7, 400006 Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Sustainability, 2018, vol. 10, issue 11, 1-15

Abstract: Metropolitan areas became the breeding ground for economic, political, and cultural concentration as well as for creativity and innovation. Therefore, sustainability within the urban dimension plays a crucial role in the overall success to attain the SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals) and their targets under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in 2015. Nevertheless, for cities, regions, or countries to monitor and measure their progress, there is a need for harmonized and reliable indicators. Consequently, the current study addresses sustainability on a local level by measuring the extent to which a Romanian metropolitan area achieves the SDGs agreed to in 2015 by the 193-member states of the United Nations. The paper analyses 16 out of the 17 SD (Sustainable Development) goals as the goal titled “Life below water” was not applicable. Relying on mainly quantitative data, we used the method of normalization and aggregation based on the arithmetic mean, which helped us to calculate the scores attained by each of the component localities of the metropolitan area within the SDGs and their overall SDG index. Next to this, the study combines the quantitative data analysis with a GIS (Geographic Information System) computer mapping technique. The results show that the municipality achieved the best results in the metropolitan area and a vertical development process from west to the east prevails. Measuring progress through a well-defined set of indicators and an optimization technique proved to be crucial in defining attainments’ levels within the metropolitan area.

Keywords: SDG Index; metropolitan area; sustainable development; urban development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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