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Attitudes Toward Electric Vehicles: The Case of Perugia Using a Fuzzy Set Analysis

Simona Bigerna () and Silvia Micheli ()
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Simona Bigerna: Department of Economics, University of Perugia, Via A. Pascoli 20, 06123 Perugia, Italy
Silvia Micheli: Department of Economics, University of Perugia, Via A. Pascoli 20, 06123 Perugia, Italy

Sustainability, 2018, vol. 10, issue 11, 1-14

Abstract: Sustainable mobility has received increasing attention in recent years. The transport sector contributes to almost a quarter of Europe’s greenhouse gas emissions. The development of electric vehicles (EVs) may help the shift toward sustainable mobility, reducing oil vulnerability and greenhouse gas emissions in road transport. Poor penetration of EVs might be explained, moreover, by consumer resistance to EVs. The aim of our paper is to determine consumers’ attitude and preferences for EVs, investigating which conditions influence consumer decision-making to purchase an EV. Using a fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis of 421 highly-educated individuals, involving students and faculty members, we identify several configurations of conditions of the variables which lead to the outcomes, supporting their equifinality and asymmetric nature. Our findings indicate attitudes related to EVs differ across age and groups. Our paper offers public decision makers new useful insights for understanding the importance of specific determinants, and for designing effective strategies for EVs’ development worldwide.

Keywords: electric vehicles; sustainable mobility; consumer attitude; fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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