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Does PPP Matter to Sustainable Tourism Development? An Analysis of the Spatial Effect of the Tourism PPP Policy in China

Zhe Cheng (), Zhenshan Yang (), Huina Gao (), Hui Tao () and Ming Xu ()
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Zhe Cheng: School of Economics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
Zhenshan Yang: Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
Huina Gao: School of Tourism Management, Beijing International Studies University, Beijing 100024, China
Hui Tao: Institute of Ethnology and sociology, MinZu University of China, Beijing 100081, China
Ming Xu: Institute of Industrial Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, NO. 2 Yuetan Beixiaojie, Xicheng District, Beijing 100836, China

Sustainability, 2018, vol. 10, issue 11, 1-15

Abstract: Funding and efficiency have always been important factors that restrict the sustainable development of tourism in developing countries. The PPP (Public Private Partnership) is an innovative model for addressing the above problems and is popular in the sustainable development of tourism around the world. The performance evaluation of tourism PPP is a key step towards promoting the PPP policy and sustainable development. In particular, the analysis of spatial effects that are easily overlooked will help to improve the measure of PPP performance. Based on tourism PPP projects in the PPP database of the Ministry of Finance in China, this paper analyses the spatial patterns and development characteristics of tourism PPP, identifies and measures the impact factors of tourism PPP by virtue of the GeoDetector method, and analyzes the function of PPP in tourism development and governance. The research shows that there are significant spatial disparities in the tourism PPP projects. Although tourism PPP is the result of interactions between multiple factors, what plays a critical role is the financial factor. PPP acts as a policy driver in tourism development in China. It corrects spatial mismatch between tourism resources and factors, eliminates space barriers and promotes the realization of spatial justice of tourism development. This study not only contributes to the improvement of China’s PPP policy, but also has implications for PPP policies in other developing countries.

Keywords: tourism sustainable development; policy evaluation; spatial effect; PPP (Public Private Partnership) (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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