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Harnessing a ‘Currency Matrix’ for Performance Measurement in Cooperatives: A Multi-Phased Study

Theo Benos (), Nikos Kalogeras (), Martin Wetzels (), Ko De Ruyter () and Joost M. E. Pennings ()
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Theo Benos: Department of Marketing & Supply Chain Management, School of Business & Economics, Maastricht University, Tongersestraat 53, 6211 LM Maastricht, The Netherlands
Nikos Kalogeras: Marketing and Consumer Behavior Group, Wageningen University & Research, Postbus 8130, 6700 EW Wageningen, The Netherlands
Martin Wetzels: Department of Marketing & Supply Chain Management, School of Business & Economics, Maastricht University, Tongersestraat 53, 6211 LM Maastricht, The Netherlands
Ko De Ruyter: King’s Business School, King’s College London, Bush House, 30 Aldwych, London WC2B 4BG, UK
Joost M. E. Pennings: Marketing and Consumer Behavior Group, Wageningen University & Research, Postbus 8130, 6700 EW Wageningen, The Netherlands

Sustainability, 2018, vol. 10, issue 12, 1-38

Abstract: The cooperative organizational form is by nature a sustainable one, which has proved to be resilient in the face of crises and a solid lever in addressing present-day societal challenges. Still, little is known about its socio-economic impact. Also, despite the plethora of studies on cooperative performance, research remains inconclusive about how to best measure it. In fact, scholarly work has largely favored the use of appraisal tools reflecting those of investor-owned firms (IOFs), having undermined the dual idiosyncratic nature of the cooperative organizational form, which is manifest in the business and social-membership objectives. The goal of this article is to fill these gaps by delivering a comprehensive dashboard for cooperative performance assessment that harmonizes business–social aspects and catalogs the basic components for future attempts. To reach this goal, we used an extensive review of empirical research in cooperative performance (phase 1) and a Delphi study with 14 experts (phase 2). In addition, we reviewed comparable research efforts for a business form (social enterprises) that combines business with social goals and faces similar challenges (phase 3). This inquiry was particularly insightful for the social perspective and the overlooked role of cooperatives as a socially-embedded organizational form that hardly documents its societal impact and outreach.

Keywords: performance measurement; cooperatives; extensive review; Delphi method; interdisciplinary dialogue; social enterprises; socio-economic impact (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:12:p:4536-:d:186979

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