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Population Ageing, Financial Deepening and Economic Growth: Evidence from China

Shangmei Zhao (), Jiang He () and Haijun Yang ()
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Shangmei Zhao: School of Economics and Management, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
Jiang He: School of Economics and Management, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
Haijun Yang: School of Economics and Management, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China

Sustainability, 2018, vol. 10, issue 12, 1-15

Abstract: Using a panel of 31 Chinese provinces from 2000 to 2016, we investigated the impact of population ageing and financial deepening on economic growth. Based on the dynamic panel system GMM estimators, the empirical results address that both population ageing and financial deepening have a significantly positive impact on economic growth, while the interactions between them have a significantly negative effect on economic growth. From the perspective of total marginal effect, we also find that population ageing does contribute to economic growth but only when financial deepening is less than a threshold level; however, on the whole, financial deepening has an inhibitory effect on economic growth which increases with population ageing.

Keywords: population ageing; financial deepening; economic growth; system GMM; total marginal effect (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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