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Socio-Cultural Sustainability of Private Healthcare Providers in an Indian Slum Setting: A Bottom-of-the-Pyramid Perspective

Federica Angeli (), Shila Teresa Ishwardat (), Anand Kumar Jaiswal () and Antonio Capaldo ()
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Federica Angeli: Department of Organization Studies, School of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Tilburg University, P.O. Box 90153 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
Shila Teresa Ishwardat: Department of Health Services Research, Maastricht University, P.O. Box 616 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
Anand Kumar Jaiswal: Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Vastrapur, Ahmedabad 380015, India
Antonio Capaldo: S.E.GEST.A. Department of Management, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, 00168 Rome, Italy

Sustainability, 2018, vol. 10, issue 12, 1-27

Abstract: Delivery of affordable healthcare services to communities is a necessary precondition to poverty alleviation. Co-creation approaches to the development of business models in the healthcare industry proved particularly suitable for improving the health-seeking behavior of BOP patients. However, scant research was conducted to understand BOP consumers’ decision-making process leading to specific healthcare choices in slum settings, and the relative balance of socio-cultural and socio-economic factors underpinning patients’ preferences. This article adopts a mixed-method approach to investigate the determinants of BOP patients’ choice between private and public hospitals. Quantitative analysis of a database, composed of 436 patients from five hospitals in Ahmedabad, India, indicates that BOP patients visit a public hospital significantly more than top-of-the-pyramid (TOP) patients. However, no significant difference emerges between BOP and TOP patients for inpatient or outpatient treatments. Qualitative findings based on 21 interviews with BOP consumers from selected slum areas led to the development of a grounded theory model, which highlights the role of aspirational demand of BOP patients toward private healthcare providers. Overall, healthcare provider choice emerges as the outcome of a collective socio-cultural decision-making process, which often assigns preference for private healthcare services because of the higher perceived quality of private providers, while downplaying affordability concerns. Implications for healthcare providers, social entrepreneurs, and policy-makers are discussed.

Keywords: choice of healthcare providers; bottom of the pyramid (BOP); emerging markets; grounded theory research; aspirational demand; healthcare business models (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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