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Gender Factors and Inclusive Economic Growth: The Silent Revolution

Laura Cabeza-García (), Esther B. Del Brio () and Mery Luz Oscanoa-Victorio ()
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Laura Cabeza-García: Department of Business Management, University of León, 24071 León, Spain
Esther B. Del Brio: IME, Center of Women Studies, University of Salamanca, 37007 Salamanca, Spain
Mery Luz Oscanoa-Victorio: School of Economics, Universidad Nacional Daniel Alcides Carrión, 0051063 Pasco, Peru

Sustainability, 2018, vol. 10, issue 1, 1-14

Abstract: The gender factors that trigger economic growth in both high- and low-income countries were investigated in this study. To address these gender factors, four characteristic dimensions of gender inclusion were considered: education, access to the labor market, fertility, and democracy. The relationship between economic growth and gender factors was analyzed in a sample of 127 countries. Value and robustness were added to the results using dynamic models applied to panel data while accounting for endogeneity. We conclude that high fertility in women has negative effects on economic growth. However, when women have greater access to secondary education and the labor market in conditions of equality, the effects are positive. Similarly, the access of women to active political participation has significant effects on economic growth. Overall, this study helps identify which gender factors may promote inclusive economic growth, which is economic growth achieved when both men and women are incorporated in equal conditions.

Keywords: gender factors; inclusive economic growth; education; labor force; fertility; democracy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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