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Transportation Accessibility and Location Choice of Japanese-Funded Electronic Information Manufacturing Firms in Shanghai

Haining Jiang (), Wei Xu () and Wenzhong Zhang ()
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Haining Jiang: College of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004, China
Wei Xu: Department of Geography, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, AB T1K 3M4, Canada
Wenzhong Zhang: Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China

Sustainability, 2018, vol. 10, issue 2, 1-21

Abstract: With the rapid development of globalization, information communication and transportation, it is argued that the effect of transportation accessibility in the location choice of manufacturing firms has diminished. However, comprehensive and systematic research on the impact of transportation accessibility on firm location choice in cities remains scarce. Taking Shanghai as the research area, this paper uses a catalog of Japanese-funded electronic information manufacturing firms to explore the influence of transportation accessibility on their location choice. The paper first describes firm distribution using the nuclear density estimation method. The Poisson regression model is then used to estimate the significance of transportation accessibility in influencing firm location. The empirical results show that most of the firms are concentrated in the inner suburbs of Shanghai, with only a small number in the outer suburban areas. The spatial coupling relationship between firm distribution and transportation accessibility is significant. These firms tend to choose areas with good accessibility to transportation infrastructure, and, in particular, the effect of airport accessibility is significant. Compared with the joint venture enterprises, wholly-owned Japanese enterprises are more inclined to be in areas with better transportation accessibility.

Keywords: transportation accessibility; Japanese-funded electronic information manufacturing firms; location choice; Shanghai (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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