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Influence of Technological Assets on Organizational Performance through Absorptive Capacity, Organizational Innovation and Internal Labour Flexibility

Encarnación García-Sánchez (), Víctor J. García-Morales () and Rodrigo Martín-Rojas ()
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Encarnación García-Sánchez: Department of Management, Faculty of Education, Economics and Technology, University of Granada, 51001 Ceuta, Spain
Víctor J. García-Morales: Department of Management, Faculty of Economic and Business Sciences, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
Rodrigo Martín-Rojas: Department of Management, Faculty of Economic and Business Sciences, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain

Sustainability, 2018, vol. 10, issue 3, 1-25

Abstract: Organizational innovation is increasingly mandatory for firms to overcome their competitors. Organizational innovation is especially relevant in today’s dynamic and turbulent environments, where other internal variables—such as technological assets, employee training, coordination of new management capabilities, and new flexible human resources and more adaptable organizational designs—must be encouraged to create value and competitive advantage. The purpose of our research is to analyse whether technological assets influence absorptive capacity (potential and realized absorptive capacity) and how absorptive capacity influences internal labour flexibility, organizational innovation and performance. We achieve these goals by analysing the interrelations among internal labour flexibility, organizational innovation and performance, using the theory of resources and capabilities. A quantitative study was carried out with data gathered by personal interview using a structured questionnaire. Relationships proposed in the theoretical model were estimated through a structural equation model, using a sample of 160 European technology companies. The results show that support for technology and improvement of technological skills and technological distinctive competencies promote improvement in organizational performance through their positive influence on the processes of potential and realized absorption capacity. Potential absorptive capacity influences realized absorptive capacity, which impacts not only internal labour flexibility but also organizational innovation and organizational performance. Further, internal labour flexibility influences organizational performance through organizational innovation. This issue is of particular interest when considering the dynamic nature of turbulent technological environments in which the organization operates. Technological assets thus identify new sources of flexibility and organizational innovation based on deeper contextual knowledge and tools that aid knowledge capacity in the company.

Keywords: top management support; technological skills; technological distinctive competencies; absorptive capacity; internal labour flexibility; organizational innovation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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