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The Use of Information and Communications Technology in Vocational Education and Training—Premise of Sustainability

Alecxandrina Deaconu (), Elena Mădălina Dedu (), Ramona Ștefania Igreț () and Cătălina Radu
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Alecxandrina Deaconu: Department of Management, The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Bucharest 010374, Romania
Elena Mădălina Dedu: Department of Tourism and Hospitality, Technological High School C.A. Rosetti, Constanta 900123, Romania
Ramona Ștefania Igreț: Department of Management, The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Bucharest 010374, Romania

Sustainability, 2018, vol. 10, issue 5, 1-18

Abstract: Vocational education and training of human resources in tourism play an important role in the development of the tourism industry and hence in the national, regional and global economy. In this paper, we aimed to analyze the effective use of smart education in the teaching and learning process in tourism. The research was conducted over three academic years (2013–2014, 2014–2015, 2015–2016) in 12 high schools providing tourism specializations in Constanta County, Romania. The main method used was an experiment. Thus, we used information and communication technology (ICT) methods in the educational process (the independent variable) in order to compare students’ results to those obtained in control classes, in which only traditional teaching methods were used. The results of our research confirmed our initial hypotheses, namely the fact that by using ICT methods within tourism classes, students understand and assimilate specialised knowledge faster and better, and they form and develop specific skills at a higher level than by using traditional teaching methods. This means that by using the latest technology in classes for teaching and learning disciplines in tourism, it is possible to develop, by the end of the superior cycle of high school, the future qualified human resources required for sustainable tourism.

Keywords: vocational education and training; smart education; human resources; competences; sustainable educational process; information and communication technology (ICT) (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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