An Analysis of CO 2 Emissions from International Transport and the Driving Forces of Emissions Change
Young Yoon (),
Minyoung Yang () and
Jinsoo Kim ()
Additional contact information
Young Yoon: Department of Earth Resources and Environmental Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 04763, Korea
Minyoung Yang: Department of Earth Resources and Environmental Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 04763, Korea
Jinsoo Kim: Department of Earth Resources and Environmental Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 04763, Korea
Sustainability, 2018, vol. 10, issue 5, 1-17
As a consequence of globalization, increased international transport generates many pollutants. Pollution generation from other industries related to international transport also cannot be ignored. This paper thus aims to investigate the carbon emissions from international transport. We analyzed embodied carbon emissions of international transport using multi-region input output analysis, and identified the factors underlying changes in emissions using structural decomposition analysis. China was the world’s largest CO 2 -emitting country in international transport in terms of both production- and consumption-based standards. However, consumption-based emissions in that country were much lower than production-based emissions, while in the United States, with second largest emissions, the situation was the opposite. Major emission changes were contingent on demands for international transportation and emission efficiency. In the case of the European Union (EU), consumption-based emissions were higher, but CO 2 emissions decreased gradually due to increased emission efficiency. The different information is provided by each standard, and reduction targets can change according to the standards employed. While discussions on emissions standards are still in progress, the results of this study suggest that CO 2 emissions from international transport, and according to different emissions standards, should receive careful attention in energy policy design, in order to limit CO 2 emissions globally.
Keywords: international trade; CO 2 emission; input output analysis; structural decomposition analysis; embodied carbon (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:5:p:1677-:d:148311
Access Statistics for this article
Sustainability is currently edited by Prof. Dr. Marc A. Rosen
More articles in Sustainability from MDPI, Open Access Journal
Bibliographic data for series maintained by XML Conversion Team ().