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Differences of Corporate Environmental Responsibility in Small and Medium Enterprises: Spain and Norway

Elisabet Aguado () and Adelheid Holl ()
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Elisabet Aguado: Departamento de Economía, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 28903 Getafe, Spain

Sustainability, 2018, vol. 10, issue 6, 1-13

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the factors that are related to Small and Medium Enterprises’ (SMEs’) environmental attitude. We focus on Spain and Norway—two contrasting countries in this regard. Drawing on evidence from the Flash Eurobarometer 381 Survey: SMEs, Resource Efficiency and Green Markets, the results show that there is a significant difference on environmental commitment in favor of Norway. Our estimation results show that firms’ structural characteristics are strong factors influencing attitudes towards environmental responsibility, but even after controlling for such firm-specific differences, Norwegian firms still show a higher probability for a pro-environmental attitude. Moreover, our estimation results also show that the drivers for firms to go beyond environmental legislation are not the same in the two countries. Norwegian firms are more market-driven than Spanish firms in their pro-environmental attitude.

Keywords: SMEs; environmental corporate responsibility; drivers; Spain; Norway (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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