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Evaluating Greenhouse Tomato and Pepper Input Efficiency Use in Kosovo

Blend Frangu (), Jennie Sheerin Popp (), Michael Thomsen () and Arben Musliu ()
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Blend Frangu: Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
Jennie Sheerin Popp: Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
Michael Thomsen: Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
Arben Musliu: Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary, University of Prishtina “Hasan Prishtina”, Boulevard “Bill Clinton”, n.a., 10000 Prishtina, Kosovo

Sustainability, 2018, vol. 10, issue 8, 1-14

Abstract: Determinants of vegetable production input efficiency affect a Kosovar farmer’s decision to contribute to the agricultural sector. This study evaluates the input efficiency of greenhouse tomato and pepper farms in Kosovo. Using data collected from farm surveys, we conducted an input-oriented data envelopment analysis (DEA) to empirically assess input efficiency. Second, linear regression analysis was used to investigate what farm variables predict greenhouse tomato and pepper technical efficiency (TE). The DEA results indicated that, among the seven regions in Kosovo, Prizren emerged as the most efficient greenhouse tomato-producing region with a mean efficiency of 0.83 (on a scale of 0 to 1.00). Prishtina followed with a mean efficiency of 0.80. In the production of greenhouse peppers, Prishtina was the most efficient region with a mean efficiency of 0.99. Ferizaj followed with a mean efficiency of 0.93. Conclusions about farm characteristics that explain differences in efficiency were sensitive to model specification. Nevertheless, depending on the structural and operational characteristics of the greenhouse tomato and pepper farms, there is an opportunity for the technically inefficient farms and regions to improve their use of inputs.

Keywords: input efficiency use; Kosovar greenhouse vegetable industry; tomatoes; peppers (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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