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Religious Travellers’ Improved Attitude towards Nature

Rafael Robina Ramírez () and Manuel Pulido Fernández ()
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Rafael Robina Ramírez: Business and Sociology Department, University of Extremadura, Avenida de la Universidad s/n, 10071 Cáceres, Extremadura, Spain
Manuel Pulido Fernández: Geography Department, University of Extremadura, Avenida de la Universidad s/n, 10071 Cáceres, Extremadura, Spain

Sustainability, 2018, vol. 10, issue 9, 1-23

Abstract: Pilgrimage is one of the most ancient forms of tourism. Nowadays, it is becoming a mass phenomenon that can lead to serious problems of environmental degradation in valuable sites. In this work, we have analysed by means of a structural equation model how religious consciousness is inspired in the religiosity/spirituality of each pilgrim. It could predict its effects on tourists regarding an improved (i.e., sensitised and more sustainable) attitude towards nature. The study was carried out in Guadalupe, Spain, which is a commonly known pilgrimage destination since 1389. A total of 203 visitors were surveyed using a questionnaire composed of 16 questions, divided into 4 dimensions (enriched attitudes toward nature, religious consciousness, sustainable development, and environmental human development), which were used as constructs in the model. The results showed how religious consciousness positively influences sustainable development (β = 0.657, t = 11.306) and environmental human development (β = 0.566, t = 8.255) explaining 75.6% of religious travellers’ more sensitive attitudes towards nature. Our findings suggest that a deeper research, on the role played by religiosity as a seed of fostering sustainability, is still needed.

Keywords: religious travellers; pilgrimage; nature; sustainable development; religious consciousness; human development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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