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The Prevention of Corruption as an Unavoidable Way to Ensure Healthcare System Sustainability

Pietro Previtali () and Paola Cerchiello ()
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Pietro Previtali: Department of Economics and Management Sciences, University of Pavia, Via San Felice 7, 27100 Pavia, Italy
Paola Cerchiello: Department of Economics and Management Sciences, University of Pavia, Via San Felice 7, 27100 Pavia, Italy

Sustainability, 2018, vol. 10, issue 9, 1-14

Abstract: Corruption has found very fertile ground in the health sector. Many studies demonstrate the negative relationship between sustainability and corruption. However, relatively little is known at this time about how to prevent corruption in healthcare organizations (HCOs), and thus to recover the important sustainability of the entire healthcare system. After noticing this gap in the literature, the authors’ aim in undertaking this study was twofold: first, to analyze the current state of knowledge about how Italian HCOs adopt corruption prevention plans in compliance with the National Plan issued by the National Anti-Corruption Authority; second, to identify some clusters of HCOs which represent different adoption patterns of corruption prevention interventions and to classify these HCOs. For these purposes, the authors studied 68 HCOs along 13 dimensions that characterized the corruption prevention plans. The empirical results showed that the HCOs were not fully compliant with the anti-corruption legislation. At the same time, the authors identified three clusters of HCOs with different patterns of anti-corruption prevention interventions. The clusters that adopted some specific interventions seemed to be more sustainable than others.

Keywords: healthcare sustainability; anti-corruption; healthcare organizations; corruption prevention plan; healthcare management; compliance (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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