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Understanding the Spatial Agglomeration of Participation in Agri-Environmental Schemes: The Case of the Tuscany Region

Fabio Bartolini () and Daniele Vergamini ()
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Fabio Bartolini: Department of Agricultural, Food and Agro-Environmental Sciences, University of Pisa, Via del Boghetto 80, 56124 Pisa, Italy
Daniele Vergamini: Department of Agricultural, Food and Agro-Environmental Sciences, University of Pisa, Via del Boghetto 80, 56124 Pisa, Italy

Sustainability, 2019, vol. 11, issue 10, 1-18

Abstract: Agri-environmental schemes (AESs) constitute one of the main agricultural policy instruments that address environmental objectives in the Common Agricultural Policy. However, in spite of a 20-year application window and large budgetary shares allocated by EU member states, several studies demonstrate lower-than-expected environmental impacts. The reasons for poor environmental outcomes are the lack of targeting, low participation rates, spatial heterogeneity, and information asymmetry between farmers and public administrators. This study comprehensively analyses the determinants of AES adoption while highlighting patterns of the spatial agglomeration of participation in organic and integrated production. For this, we combine the results of farm-level adoption analysis with a spatial analysis of the participation rate. The results show that both micro- and meso-level characteristics strongly impact AES participation. In fact, farm and household structure, quality of extension services, and territorial conditions all significantly affect AES adoption.

Keywords: agri-environmental schemes; econometrics model; spatial econometrics; organic farming; integrated production; spatial agglomeration (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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