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The Evolution of China’s International Aviation Markets from a Policy Perspective on Air Passenger Flows

Jiaoe Wang (), Haoran Yang () and Han Wang ()
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Jiaoe Wang: Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
Haoran Yang: School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, 500 Dongchuan Road, Minhang District, Shanghai 200241, China
Han Wang: Air Transport Institute, China Academy of Civil Aviation Science and Technology, Beijing 100028, China

Sustainability, 2019, vol. 11, issue 13, 1-15

Abstract: China’s international air transportation has experienced tremendous growth and major reforms over the past two decades. While there has been a considerable discussion on the evolution of China’s domestic aviation market, studies on China’s international aviation markets have been limited. This paper first describes the historical development of China’s international aviation market and then, based on actual origin/destination (O/D) passenger flow data, explores the relevant evolution of China’s international air networks from the perspectives of the spatial distribution of international air networks and clustering characteristics of international air passengers. The development of China’s international aviation market can be attributable to the deregulation process in China’s aviation market and a broad “opening up” strategy in the global forum after 1990. Due to China’s proximity to East Asia and Southeast Asia, China’s international air networks show an obvious clustering pattern for short and medium-haul travel in Asia. In addition, average international air travel distance, institutional and policy changes, and increasing foreign trade and foreign tourism are crucial for the expansion of China’s international air networks.

Keywords: international aviation; passenger flows; air travel; development; evolution; policy regulation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O13 Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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