EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Villagers’ Perceptions of Tourism Activities in Iona National Park: Locality as a Key Factor in Planning for Sustainability

Jorge Morais (), Rui Alexandre Castanho (), Luis Loures (), Carlos Pinto-Gomes () and Pedro Santos ()
Additional contact information
Jorge Morais: Department of Landscape, Environment and Planning, School of Science and Technology, University of Évora, 7000-671 Évora, Portugal
Rui Alexandre Castanho: Faculty of Applied Sciences, WSB University, 41-300 Dąbrowa Górnicza, Poland
Luis Loures: Institute of Research on Territorial Governance and Inter-Organizational Cooperation, 41-300 Dabrowa Górnicza, Poland
Carlos Pinto-Gomes: Department of Landscape, Environment and Planning, School of Science and Technology, University of Évora, 7000-671 Évora, Portugal
Pedro Santos: Department of Landscape, Environment and Planning, School of Science and Technology, University of Évora, 7000-671 Évora, Portugal

Sustainability, 2019, vol. 11, issue 16, 1-18

Abstract: Local people’s perception of nature-based tourism evolution and consequent impacts on their well-being are crucial in promoting ecotourism and achieving sustainable development. This study focused on indigenous populations’ attitudes concerning tourism activities taking place in the Iona National Park, located in the Namibe Province of Angola, where ecotourism is considered an anchor product and is expected to become an economic driver of major importance. To obtain information that is useful for a changing tourism management in order to increase rural communities’ well-being, we conducted a survey addressing local people’s perceptions about the following main topics: perception of the presence of visitors and of their activities; present and prospective positive and negative effects of the park; and government policies that should be developed in the near future. The research shows that most respondents’ perceptions strongly vary according to locality. The level of urbanization and the distance to the core areas of touristic activities appear to be the main factors driving the villagers’ perception polarization. Thus, conflicting interests between nature conservation and local populations’ well-being should be addressed and managed according to locality profiles, with some exceptions, such as ensuring the entire population has access to pastoral lands.

Keywords: ecotourism; destination management; sustainable development; Namibe province; Angola; Herero people (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (3) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/11/16/4448/pdf (application/pdf)
https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/11/16/4448/ (text/html)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:16:p:4448-:d:258457

Access Statistics for this article

Sustainability is currently edited by Prof. Dr. Marc A. Rosen

More articles in Sustainability from MDPI, Open Access Journal
Bibliographic data for series maintained by XML Conversion Team ().

 
Page updated 2021-01-30
Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:16:p:4448-:d:258457