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Interaction Analysis and Sustainable Development Strategy between Port and City: The Case of Liaoning

Jiaguo Liu (), Jinxia Zhou (), Fan Liu (), Xiaohang Yue (), Yudan Kong () and Xiaoye Wang ()
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Jiaguo Liu: School of Maritime Economics and Management, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, China
Jinxia Zhou: School of Maritime Economics and Management, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, China
Fan Liu: School of Business Administration, ZhongNan University of Economics and Law, Wuhan 430073, China
Xiaohang Yue: School of Business Administration, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI 53201, USA
Yudan Kong: School of Maritime Economics and Management, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, China
Xiaoye Wang: School of Maritime Economics and Management, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, China

Sustainability, 2019, vol. 11, issue 19, 1-25

Abstract: Although port-city interaction and sustainability are becoming increasingly essential, prospering regional economy and facilitating international shipping trade, problems of their mismatch and incoordination have also been aroused. Thus, research on their relationship is necessary to generate profound enlightenment on how to achieve healthy and benign development for ports and cities. In this paper, a typical Chinese port-city group, six ports and their corresponding port cities in Liaoning are selected as research objects. Firstly, a grey relative relational model and a coupling coordination degree model based on entropy weight method are applied to analyse the port-city interactive trend and degree as well as exploring the relative impacts among internal factors in port and city subsystems. Then, a sustainability analysis box of correlation–coordination is constructed to further investigate the sustainable development status. Finally, strategies for the port-city sustainable development are proposed. The results indicate the six port-city systems have not strongly correlated and are in the stage of coordinated development. Only Dalian and Yingkou have realized sustainable development. Thus, there is still much room for improvement. Measures such as resources integration and dislocation development should be taken into account to optimize the sustainable and coordinated development of the port-city systems.

Keywords: port-city system; grey relation; relative correlation degree; coupling degree; coupling coordination degree; sustainability (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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