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Mining and Local Economies: Dilemma between Environmental Protection and Job Opportunities

Angelo Antoci, Paolo Russu () and Elisa Ticci ()
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Paolo Russu: Department of Economics and Business, University of Sassari, via Muroni 25, 07100 Sassari, Italy

Sustainability, 2019, vol. 11, issue 22, 1-21

Abstract: Mining areas often experience a climate of social tension due to the potential trade-off between expected employment impact and concerns for environmental damage. We address this topic from a theoretical perspective that, unlike most empirical research, includes medium-term dynamics. We developed a two-sector dynamic model that provides a new way to identify differences among mining regions in terms of conflict risk, local development, and welfare. There are critical points in the natural-resource base of local nonmining activities and in the pollution rate of mining operations, which determine the type of dynamics and its welfare outcomes due to the opening up of the economy to mining investment. Pollution control is a sine qua non for welfare gains despite new job opportunities in the mining sector.

Keywords: environmental externalities; mining investments; resource-based regions; local development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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