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National Land Use Policy against the Misuse of the Agricultural Land—Causes and Effects. Evidence from Poland

Alina Źróbek-Różańska () and Joanna Zielińska-Szczepkowska ()
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Alina Źróbek-Różańska: University of Warmia and Mazury, Michała Oczapowskiego 2, 10719 Olsztyn, Poland
Joanna Zielińska-Szczepkowska: University of Warmia and Mazury, Michała Oczapowskiego 2, 10719 Olsztyn, Poland

Sustainability, 2019, vol. 11, issue 22, 1-1

Abstract: Land suitable for agricultural production is limited and should be used in a sustainable manner and protected. Countries of the former communist bloc, where the majority of the agricultural land was dynamically privatized, are in a special situation. Land has been used there also to serve the needs of growing cities, for investment speculation and as entitlement to subsidies. Therefore, legal regulations protecting agricultural land were introduced. In the case of Poland, particular attention should be paid to the radical act of 2016, which completely stopped the sale of Treasury resources and strongly limited sales on the private market. However, the new act caused a number of side effects and various pathologies. This article examines the real effects of policy aimed at combating the misuse of agricultural land. It was assumed that most of the side effects will be observed around big cities, defined as Functional Urban Areas. The following methods were used: a survey in Polish FUAs, analysis of transactions on the real estate market in 2015–2018 and in-depth interviews with representatives of local governments and relevant institutions. The study revealed a number of pathologies, such as ways of circumventing new restrictions or searching for legal loopholes.

Keywords: sustainable land use; land use policy; agricultural land; spatial economics; land use planning (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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