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Governance of Ecosystem Services in Agroecology: When Coordination is Needed but Difficult to Achieve

Nicolas Salliou (), Roldan Muradian () and Cécile Barnaud ()
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Nicolas Salliou: DYNAFOR, Université de Toulouse, INPT, INRA, 24 Chemin de Borde Rouge, 31326 Auzeville, France
Roldan Muradian: Faculty of Economics, Universidade Federal Fluminense, 9 R. Miguel de Frias, Rio de Janeiro 24220-900, Brazil
Cécile Barnaud: DYNAFOR, Université de Toulouse, INPT, INRA, 24 Chemin de Borde Rouge, 31326 Auzeville, France

Sustainability, 2019, vol. 11, issue 4, 1-13

Abstract: Transitioning towards agroecology involves the integration of biodiversity based ecosystem services into farming systems: for example, relying on biological pest control rather than pesticides. One promising approach for pest control relies on the conservation of semi-natural habitats at the landscape scale to encourage natural enemies of insect pests. However, this approach may require coordination between farmers to manage the interdependencies between the providers and beneficiaries of this ecosystem service. The main objective of this study was to identify hindrances to landscape-scale coordination strategies to control pests. To this end, we used a theoretical framework specifically designed to explore social interdependencies linked to ecosystem services. We applied this framework to a participatory research case study on pest control in apple orchards in southwest France to identify and describe key obstacles. We found four main impediments: (1) The perception of most stakeholders that the landscape does not deliver significant pest control services, (2) the challenge of coping with agroecological uncertainties, (3) an integrated vertical supply chain focused on pesticide use, (4) the existence of independent, non-collective alternatives. We discuss the potential of overcoming these obstacles or turning them into opportunities that promote a transition to agroecology and the integration of ecosystem services in farms and their supply chains.

Keywords: biological pest control; landscape management; semi-natural habitats; social interdependencies (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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