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Impact of Personality Traits and Entrepreneurship Education on Entrepreneurial Intentions of Business and Engineering Students

Ana Iolanda Vodă () and Nelu Florea ()
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Ana Iolanda Vodă: Department of Interdisciplinary Research-Humanities and Social Sciences, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iași, Lascăr Catargi Street, No. 54, 700107 Iaşi, Romania
Nelu Florea: Department Management, Marketing and Business Administration, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iași, Blvd. Carol I, No.22, 700505 Iaşi, Romania

Sustainability, 2019, vol. 11, issue 4, 1-34

Abstract: Entrepreneurs bring an enormous contribution to a country’s economic growth. Developing individual’s interest into new venture creation represents an important asset, especially for less developed countries where entrepreneurial activities are fundamental in enhancing economic growth. The recent economic crisis turned the attention of European policymakers towards entrepreneurship as a driving force for the creation of new job opportunities, regional/national competitiveness and growth. The aim of this article is to verify what relations are between locus of control, need for achievement and entrepreneurial intention of youth, following a cognitive approach and how much entrepreneurial education consolidates entrepreneurial skills and informs the young that entrepreneurship is a career option. To analyse entrepreneurial intentions, locus of control, need for achievement and entrepreneurial education in the context of Romania, this research used a quantitative design based on the answers to the questionnaire conducted during March 2017 to October 2017 on a sample of 270 students from two important Romanian universities. From the methodological point of view, several hypotheses have been developed and tested using multivariate logistic regression estimates, frequency analysis, internal consistency reliability of the constructs and moderating effects. The results illustrate that locus of control, need for achievement and entrepreneurial education proved to be important determinants for venture creation among young students, both independently and under the action of control variables. Also, respondents’ gender had a significant influence on one’s intention of opening a business in the future, with males being more inclined to become entrepreneurs than females.

Keywords: entrepreneurial intention; sustainability and growth; locus of control; need for achievement; entrepreneurial education; gender; logistic regression; moderating effects; frequency analysis (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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