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Achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDG): Implementation of the 2030 Agenda in Romania

Daniela Firoiu (), George H. Ionescu (), Anca Băndoi (), Nicoleta Mihaela Florea () and Elena Jianu ()
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Daniela Firoiu: Department of Commerce, Economic Integration and Business Administration, Romanian-American University, Bucharest 012101, Romania
George H. Ionescu: Department of Finance, Credit and Accounting, Romanian-American University, Bucharest 012101, Romania
Anca Băndoi: Department of Finance, Banking and Economic Analysis, University of Craiova, Craiova 200585, Romania
Nicoleta Mihaela Florea: Department of Finance, Banking and Economic Analysis, University of Craiova, Craiova 200585, Romania
Elena Jianu: Department of Finance, Accounting and Economics, University of Pitești, Pitești 110040, Romania

Sustainability, 2019, vol. 11, issue 7, 1-30

Abstract: Romania needs a change of the current development paradigm to face the challenges of the 21st century. As a member of the European Union, leaders in Romania are is interested in implementing the principles of sustainable development at a national level to reduce development gaps, to increase citizens’ well-being, and to preserve a clean environment. The purpose of this research is to determine the implementation status of the 2030 Agenda sustainable development goals (SDG) in Romania and to explore to what extent Romania will be able to reach, for the 2030 horizon, EU average values for the selected indicators. The research is based on 107 indicators that monitored the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Eurostat database (sustainable development indicators) was the source of data in terms of their availability and integrity. The research results showed that the implementation status of SDG is sub-optimal. In the case of 40 indicators out of the 107 analyzed, forecasts indicate the possibility of reaching the EU average values by 2030. However, the country can remain on the path to sustainable development only by involving all stakeholders and increasing concrete and well-targeted measures to improve SDG indicators.

Keywords: sustainable development; 2030 agenda; sustainable development goals (SDG); Romania; European Union; SDG indicators (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:7:p:2156-:d:221751