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Research on Population-Land-Industry Relationship Pattern in Underdeveloped Regions: Gansu Province of Western China as an Example

Libang Ma (), Meimei Chen (), Xinglong Che () and Fang Fang ()
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Libang Ma: College of Geography and Environmental Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730000, China
Meimei Chen: College of Geography and Environmental Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730000, China
Xinglong Che: College of Geography and Environmental Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730000, China
Fang Fang: College of Geography and Environmental Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730000, China

Sustainability, 2019, vol. 11, issue 8, 1-19

Abstract: Urbanization is a three-dimensional process including population, spatial, and economic changes. The coordination among the three dimensions is the key to sustainable urban development. Here, a population-land-industry index system of urbanization is constructed, and the degree of coupling and mutual feedback among population urbanization, land urbanization, and industrial urbanization are analyzed. The urbanization patterns and their spatiotemporal variation are identified. The results show that: (1) Population and land urbanization proceeded slowly in Gansu Province and their trends were similar, whereas industry urbanization proceeded faster than the two. From a spatial perspective, population, land, and industrial urbanization levels ( PU i , LU i , and IU i ) decreased from southwest to northeast. The coupling degree of population, land, and industrial urbanization increased from 1998 to 2016 and showed significant spatial variation, decreasing from northwest to southeast. (2) Population, land, and industry all play a role in urbanization. PU i was significantly and positively correlated with LU i . However, there was no significant correlation between IU i and PU i and between IU i and LU i . The improvement of PU i , LU i , and IU i effectively promoted the coupling degree of population, land, and industrial urbanization. (3) Seven urbanization patterns were identified in Gansu Province and evaluation units with the same urbanization pattern tended to be spatially close to each other. IU i > PU i > LU i (IX), IU i > LU i > PU i (X) and IU i > PU i = LU i (XI) were the dominant urbanization patterns. There was crisscross distribution of various urbanization patterns and, thus, it was not easy to observe the agglomeration center of certain urbanization pattern. (4) The urbanization pattern of the same evaluation unit changed with time. This change was mainly reflected in the change of relationship between population and land urbanization. Urbanization pattern changed more significantly in 2008–2016 than in 1998–2008. The changes were dominant by IX→XI, X→XI, XI→IX, and XI→X.

Keywords: underdeveloped regions; coupling degree; mutual feedback; urbanization pattern; transition matrix; Gansu Province of China (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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