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Environmental Determinants of a Country’s Food Security in Short-Term and Long-Term Perspectives

Alina Vysochyna (), Natalia Stoyanets (), Grzegorz Mentel () and Tadeusz Olejarz ()
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Alina Vysochyna: Department of Accounting and Taxation, Sumy State University, 40000 Sumy, Ukraine
Natalia Stoyanets: Faculty of Economics and Management, Sumy National Agrarian University, 40000 Sumy, Ukraine
Grzegorz Mentel: Department of Quantitative Methods, The Faculty of Management, Rzeszow University of Technology, 35-959 Rzeszow, Poland
Tadeusz Olejarz: Department of Management Systems and Logistics, The Faculty of Management, Rzeszow University of Technology, 35-959 Rzeszów, Poland

Sustainability, 2020, vol. 12, issue 10, 1-1

Abstract: About 10% of the world population suffered from hunger in 2018. Thereby, the main objective of this research is the identification of environmental drivers and inhibitors of a country’s food security in the short and long run. The Food Security Index (FSI) was constructed from 19 indicators using Principal Component Analysis. Identification of the short- and long-run relationships between the FSI and environmental factors was realized with the pooled mean-group estimator for 28 post-socialistic countries for 2000–2016. Empirical research results showed that a country’s food security in the short run is affected by greenhouse gas emissions but boosted by the increase of renewable energy production. Reduction of carbon dioxide emissions, electrification of rural populations, access to clean fuels, renewable energy production, arable land, and forest area growth might be essential tasks in order to ensure countries’ food security in the long-run.

Keywords: food security; food availability; food access; food stability; food utilization; environmental determinants; sustainable development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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