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Socio-Economic and Environmental Analyses of Sustainable Public Transport in the Philippines

Casper Agaton, Angelie Azcuna Collera () and Charmaine Samala Guno ()
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Angelie Azcuna Collera: Research Center for Human Development Studies, University of Science and Technology of Southern Philippines-Cagayan de Oro Campus, Misamis Oriental 9000, Philippines
Charmaine Samala Guno: Mindoro State College of Agriculture and Technology, Calapan City Campus, Masipit, Calapan City, Oriental Mindoro 5200, Philippines

Sustainability, 2020, vol. 12, issue 11, 1-14

Abstract: Electric vehicles are regarded as energy transition technology towards more sustainable and environment-friendly transportation systems. Despite the benefits of reducing the dependence on fossil fuels and greenhouse gas emissions, the adoption of electric vehicles faces several obstacles ranging from financing issues, government policies, and public acceptance. This study aims to identify the economic, environmental, and social impact of the adoption of electric vehicles for public transportation. Using the Philippines as a case study, the findings highlight the economic advantage of investing in electric public transportation with high public acceptance. The results further identify significant decrease in air pollution, reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and encourage lowering the reliance on imported fossil fuels by shifting the public transport from conventional to electric transport system. This study recommends stricter implementation of government policies on modernized public transportation, stronger government support on financing mechanisms, establishment of charging stations in public and private terminals, and boosting programs for developing local-made electric vehicles. To make electric vehicle more environment-friendly, the government must accelerate the energy transition by increasing the electricity share from renewable sources and investing in more sustainable sources of energy.

Keywords: electric vehicle; sustainable; public transport; investment; economic analysis; environmental impact; social acceptance; developing countries (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O13 Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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