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A Hybrid Multi-Criteria Approach for Evaluation and Selection of Sustainable Suppliers in the Avionics Industry of Pakistan

Noor Muhammad (), Zhigeng Fang (), Syed Ahsan Ali Shah (), Muhammad Azeem Akbar (), Ahmed Alsanad (), Abdu Gumaei () and Yasir Ahmed Solangi ()
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Noor Muhammad: College of Economics and Management, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China
Zhigeng Fang: College of Economics and Management, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China
Syed Ahsan Ali Shah: School of Economics and Management, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210016, China
Muhammad Azeem Akbar: College of Computer Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China
Ahmed Alsanad: STC’s Artificial Intelligence Chair, Department of Information Systems, College of Computer and Information Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
Abdu Gumaei: STC’s Artificial Intelligence Chair, Department of Information Systems, College of Computer and Information Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
Yasir Ahmed Solangi: School of Economics and Management, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210016, China

Sustainability, 2020, vol. 12, issue 11, 1-1

Abstract: Reliability and quality are the two ultimate objectives in the avionics industry. The risk of counterfeit electronics and the unavailability of screening facilities for 100% components are the most concerning areas in the supply chain of the avionics industry. Unlike most public procurement, the cost is not the only significant criterion. Unbiased decision-making criteria to accommodate all the important factors without compromising on quality, reliability, and maintainability are essential for the evaluation and selection of sustainable suppliers. Therefore, this study proposes an unbiased decision methodology based on the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP) and the fuzzy technique for order performance by similarity to ideal solution (FTOPSIS). In the first phase, six main and twenty-one sub-criteria are selected from the literature and empirically validated by experts of the avionics industry. FAHP is used to evaluate the weight of the main criteria and sub-criteria. FTOPSIS is used to prioritize eight alternatives (suppliers) concerning their effectiveness and superiority in finding the best alternatives. The results of the FAHP reveal that traceability (T) is the most important criterion, followed by quality (Q), and cost (C), which rank as the second and third most significant criteria. The results of the FTOPSIS rate supplier 8, supplier 2, and supplier 1 as the first, second, and third most effective suppliers, respectively.

Keywords: counterfeit electronics; sustainable supplier selection; reliability; avionics industry; FAHP; FTOPSIS (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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