EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Blockchain Application for the Paris Agreement Carbon Market Mechanism—A Decision Framework and Architecture

Marco Schletz (), Laura A. Franke () and Søren Salomo ()
Additional contact information
Marco Schletz: UNEP DTU Partnership, Department of Technology, Management, and Economics, Technical University of Denmark, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
Laura A. Franke: Microsoft, Azure Specialist for Data, Artificial Intelligence and Blockchain, 80797 Munich, Germany
Søren Salomo: Technology and Innovation Management, Technical University Berlin, 10623 Berlin, Germany

Sustainability, 2020, vol. 12, issue 12, 1-17

Abstract: This paper evaluates the suitability of blockchain technology for the Article 6.2 carbon market mechanism of the Paris Agreement. The bottom-up approach of the Paris Agreement causes challenges to the robust accounting of mitigation outcomes and information asymmetry, both of which result from a high number of heterogeneous emission accounting systems. Blockchain is an innovative technology that can act as an aggregation platform for these fragmented systems while enhancing transparency and automating accounting processes. However, this new technology is not a panacea for all problems, and the trade-offs of applying blockchain technology need to be assessed case by case. We create and apply an eight-step decision framework for testing the applicability of the technology for the Paris Agreement Article 6.2 carbon market mechanism. The analysis shows that, under current mechanism specifications, a blockchain application can enhance transparency and increase automation, thereby eliminating information asymmetry. We outline a system architecture that allows the linking of the heterogeneous systems, the integration of an Article 6.2 exchange mechanism, and the progress tracking of climate targets. This blockchain architecture offers national Parties the opportunity to co-create a decentralised system in line with the bottom-up ethos of the Paris Agreement.

Keywords: Blockchain; decision framework; climate policy; carbon markets; Paris Agreement; Article 6; permissioned; permissionless; Climate Warehouse (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/12/12/5069/pdf (application/pdf)
https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/12/12/5069/ (text/html)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:12:y:2020:i:12:p:5069-:d:374620

Access Statistics for this article

Sustainability is currently edited by Prof. Dr. Marc A. Rosen

More articles in Sustainability from MDPI, Open Access Journal
Bibliographic data for series maintained by XML Conversion Team ().

 
Page updated 2021-01-30
Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:12:y:2020:i:12:p:5069-:d:374620