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Identification of Marginal Landscapes as Support for Sustainable Development: GIS-Based Analysis and Landscape Metrics Assessment in Southern Italy Areas

Elena Cervelli (), Ester Scotto di Perta () and Stefania Pindozzi ()
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Elena Cervelli: Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Portici 80055, Italy
Ester Scotto di Perta: Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Portici 80055, Italy
Stefania Pindozzi: Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Portici 80055, Italy

Sustainability, 2020, vol. 12, issue 13, 1-25

Abstract: Landscape is increasingly characterized by a multifaced nature. In scientific literature and landscape governance, new landscape definitions are often coined to explain new meanings and to define specific intervention strategies and tools. The present study purposes a framework for the identification of hybrid landscapes as support for land-use planners, which aim to guarantee development opportunities as well as natural heritage preservation and valorization. “Marginal lands” were identified starting from EU Directives and scientific approaches, by means of multicriteria analysis. Different scenarios were built: (1) no-change; (2) energy crops; (3) green infrastructures. An ecosystem services approach, via landscape metrics analysis, was used to compare the possible effects of scenarios. About 20% of the study area, an internal area of the southern Apennines, was identified as suitable for land-use change in a medium-short time, and scenarios of land-use changes show a better condition, in terms of fragmentation, than as a current asset. Results showed the strategic role and potentialities of marginal lands, as a trade-off between nature conservation and development issues, suggesting new opportunities for green infrastructures and a renewable energies chain. The study allowed for deepening the close connection among landscape planning approaches, land use change scenarios building and environmental assessment, focused on the ex-ante evaluation stage.

Keywords: hybrid landscapes; marginal lands; land-use change scenarios; landscape metrics; ecosystem services; energy crops; green infrastructures (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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