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Valuation of Water Resource Green Efficiency Based on SBM–TOBIT Panel Model: Case Study from Henan Province, China

Yiru Guo (), Yan Hu (), Ke Shi () and Yuriy Bilan ()
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Yiru Guo: School of Management, Wuhan University of Technology, Luoshi Road No. 122, Wuhan 430070, China
Yan Hu: School of Management, Wuhan University of Technology, Luoshi Road No. 122, Wuhan 430070, China
Ke Shi: School of Public Policy & Management, Zhengzhou University, Kexue Road NO. 101, Zhengzhou 450001, China
Yuriy Bilan: Institute of Management, University of Social Sciences, 9 Sienkiewicza St., 90-113 Lodz, Poland

Sustainability, 2020, vol. 12, issue 17, 1-1

Abstract: With progress in China’s industrialization and urbanization, the contradiction of social and economic development with water resource supply–demand and water environmental pollution becomes increasingly prominent. To cope with the dual constraints of resource shortage and environmental regulations, the concept of water resource green efficiency that considers economic, environmental, and ecological factors is highly involved to promote sustainable economic development. The theoretical and practice circle devote to scientific green efficiency assessment of water resources and effective recognition of relevant influencing factors. However, to an extent they neglect social benefits brought by sustainable development and possible influences of industrial restructuring on green efficiency. They also lack concern on green efficiency of water resources in inland arid areas. To offset the disadvantages of existing studies, the philosophy of sustainable development was integrated into the input–output assessment system of green efficiency of water resources, and an assessment model was constructed using the SBM–Tobit (slack-based measure and Tobit) method. Moreover, a case study based on Henan Province, China was carried out. The green efficiencies of water resources in 18 cities of Henan Province during 2011–2018 were calculated. The operation mechanism of relevant influencing factors was discussed, and the methods to improve green efficiency of water resources were determined. Results reveal that the sustainable green efficiency of water resources in Henan Province increased in fluctuation during 2011–2018. The mean green efficiency increased from 0.425 in 2011 to 0.498 in 2018. At present, green efficiency of water resources in Henan Province remains at a low level, with a mean of 0.504. Reducing water consumption intensity and increasing investment to water environmental pollution technologies can promote green efficiency of water resources significantly. Conclusions provide a new method for scientific measurement and green efficiency assessment of water resources in inland arid areas.

Keywords: green efficiency of water resources; undesirable output; slack-based measure and data envelopment analysis; Tobit regression model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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