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Blockchain Technology for Sustainable Supply Chain Management: A Systematic Literature Review and a Classification Framework

Vineet Paliwal (), Shalini Chandra () and Suneel Sharma ()
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Vineet Paliwal: S P Jain School of Global Management, Mumbai 400070, Maharashtra, India
Shalini Chandra: S P Jain School of Global Management, Singapore 119579, Singapore
Suneel Sharma: S P Jain School of Global Management, Mumbai 400070, Maharashtra, India

Sustainability, 2020, vol. 12, issue 18, 1-1

Abstract: Through a systematic review of publications in reputed peer-reviewed journals, this paper investigates the role of blockchain technology in sustainable supply chain management. It uses the What, Who, Where, When, How, and Why (5W+1H) pattern to formulate research objectives and questions. The review considers publications since 2015, and it includes 187 papers published in 2017, 2018, 2019, and the early part of 2020, since no significant publications were found in the year 2015 or 2016 on this subject. It proposes a reusable classification framework—emerging technology literature classification level (ETLCL) framework—based on grounded theory and the technology readiness level for conducting literature reviews in various focus areas of an emerging technology. Subsequently, the study uses ETLCL to classify the literature on our focus area. The results show traceability and transparency as the key benefits of applying blockchain technology. They also indicate a heightened interest in blockchain-based information systems for sustainable supply chain management starting since 2017. This paper offers invaluable insights for managers and leaders who envision sustainability as an essential component of their business. The findings demonstrate the disruptive power and role of blockchain-based information systems. Given the relative novelty of the topic and its scattered literature, the paper helps practitioners examining its various aspects by directing them to the right information sources.

Keywords: blockchain; sustainable supply chain management; information management; 5W+1H pattern; Technology Readiness Level; sustainability (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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