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Measurement of Polycentric County-Level Areas in a Rapid Urbanization Region from a Public Service Perspective

Mingyu Zhang (), Yichen Ruan (), Ge Lou (), Qiuxiao Chen () and Jiayi Wu ()
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Mingyu Zhang: Department of Regional and Urban Planning, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
Yichen Ruan: Department of Regional and Urban Planning, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
Ge Lou: Department of Regional and Urban Planning, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
Qiuxiao Chen: Department of Regional and Urban Planning, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
Jiayi Wu: Department of Regional and Urban Planning, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China

Sustainability, 2020, vol. 12, issue 19, 1-16

Abstract: Despite various studies regarding polycentric development at metropolis or even larger spatial scales, there is little systematic analysis regarding the rapid urbanization area at the county-level scale. Therefore, this study explored polycentric development in 52 county-level administrative units in Zhejiang Province, China, from a public service perspective. Based on point-of-interest data, our analysis detected the intra-county urban centers and measured their polycentric characteristics. According to the number, scale, and equilibrium value of intra-county polycentricity, the 52 county-level units were classified into three types using a two-step cluster algorithm method. The empirical results suggest that polycentric characteristics vary in the rapid urbanization area, and the spatial distribution of typological units is characterized by agglomeration. Topographical condition, fixed assets investment, public transportation, and residential consumption ability are highly associated with the classification of polycentric urban areas. The conclusion of this study would help local governments initiate better urban development policies and provide potential research directions for further studies about the relationship of inter-county urban centers.

Keywords: urban center; polycentricity; type classification; spatial distribution; rapid urbanization area; public service (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O13 Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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