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Influence of the Parameters of the Bus Lane and the Bus Stop on the Delays of Private and Public Transport

Fadyushin Alexey () and Zakharov Dmitrii ()
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Fadyushin Alexey: Department of Road Transport Operation, Industrial University of Tyumen, 625000 Tyumen, Russia
Zakharov Dmitrii: Department of Road Transport Operation, Industrial University of Tyumen, 625000 Tyumen, Russia

Sustainability, 2020, vol. 12, issue 22, 1-18

Abstract: The article deals with the influence of the infrastructure for public transport on the delay time of private and public transport in the city. The study employed the methods of simulation, mathematical modeling and field research. Imitation microscopic modeling determined the parameters of mathematical models of the delay time of private and public transport for various parameters of the bus lane, the length of the bus stop loading area, and its distance from the signalized intersection. Calculations determined the total delay time, taking into account the number of passengers in public and private transport on the section of the main street of regulated traffic. Determining the optimum parameters of the public transport infrastructure requires considering not only public transport passengers, but also drivers and passengers of private vehicles. Over-improving parameters of the bus lane has no effect on public transport, but traffic parameters for all other road users degrade. At high traffic intensity, the dependences of the total delay time on the length of the marking lines 1.11 and 1.5 are described by the parabola equation. The values for a road with three lanes have been determined, marking lines 1.11 and 1.5 at which the total delay time is minimal. For a highway with a high intensity, minimum bus stop parameters lead to significant increases in delay time.

Keywords: transport planning and modeling; urban transport system; public transport; private transport; bus lanes; bus stop; travel time; delay time (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O13 Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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