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OHS Disclosures Within Non-Financial Reports: The Romanian Case

Ana Petrina Păun (), Codruța Cornelia Dura (), Sorin Mihăilescu (), Roland Iosif Moraru () and Claudia Adriana Isac ()
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Ana Petrina Păun: Department of Economic Sciences, University of Petroșani, University Street, 332001 Petroșani, Romania
Codruța Cornelia Dura: Department of Economic Sciences, University of Petroșani, University Street, 332001 Petroșani, Romania
Sorin Mihăilescu: Department of Mechanical, Industrial and Transport Engineering, University of Petroșani, University Street, 332001 Petroșani, Romania
Roland Iosif Moraru: Department of Management and Industrial Engineering, University of Petroșani, University Street, 332001 Petroșani, Romania
Claudia Adriana Isac: Department of Economic Sciences, University of Petroșani, University Street, 332001 Petroșani, Romania

Sustainability, 2020, vol. 12, issue 5, 1-28

Abstract: The article addresses the issue of disclosing Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) issues by corporations in Romania, under the influence of recent changes in the legislative framework imposed by the adoption of the EU Directive 2014/95/EU on non-financial reporting by large corporations exceeding 500 employees. The goal of our study consist in determining the relevant factors that influence the level of the Romanian companies’ OHS disclosure. To this end, we have compiled a sample of 35 organizations that have elaborated and published non-financial reports during 2016–2017 and we have analysed the impact of some relevant determinants upon the reporting phenomenon. With the aim of providing a clear picture of the regional context of our study, we put together many pieces of information regarding the corporations that played the trend-setters role in Romania, by disclosing corporate social responsibility (CSR)/sustainability reports between 2003 and 2017, although this practice has been characterized by a voluntary and unsteady approach in many cases. The importance of outlining the regional context of the Romanian reporting companies is given by the urge to raise the local managers’ level of awareness towards sustainability issues and to use the recent legislative changes as opportunities to catch up with more advanced EU countries. The research methods used in order to identify the interdependencies established between the key factors involved in the disclosure practices included a mixed quantitative-qualitative approach, and referred to: content analysis of sustainability reports; descriptive analysis of the statistical variables which were taken into consideration; correlation analysis of numerical variables; and the ANOVA method for investigating the interdependencies between the categorical and numerical variables. Among the influencing factors that impact with a greater or lesser intensity the quality of OHS reporting performed by the local companies, the following were highlighted: the corporations’ market share, their field of activity, and the ownership structure.

Keywords: Directive 2014/95/EU; Romania; disclosure; occupational health and safety (OHS); non-financial reporting; CSR/sustainability; determinants; global OHS reporting index; Pearson correlation; ANOVA method (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:12:y:2020:i:5:p:1963-:d:328406

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