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Mediating Effects of Cohesion Policy and Institutional Quality on Convergence between EU Regions: An Examination Based on a Conditional Beta-Convergence Model with a 3-Way Multiplicative Term

Mindaugas Butkus (), Alma Mačiulytė-Šniukienė () and Kristina Matuzevičiūtė ()
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Mindaugas Butkus: Institute of Regional Development, Šiauliai University, 76351 Šiauliai, Lithuania
Alma Mačiulytė-Šniukienė: Institute of Regional Development, Šiauliai University, 76351 Šiauliai, Lithuania
Kristina Matuzevičiūtė: Institute of Regional Development, Šiauliai University, 76351 Šiauliai, Lithuania

Sustainability, 2020, vol. 12, issue 7, 1-1

Abstract: The paper contributes to the existing literature on the EU’s Cohesion Policy outcomes by extending the conditional beta-convergence model with a 3-way multiplicative term to examine the mediating effects of the Cohesion Policy, institutional quality, and their interaction on regional convergence. The empirical analysis based on conditional slope coefficients and conditional standard errors provides evidence that both the mediating factors under consideration contribute positively to boosting regional convergence in the EU at the NUTS 2 and 3 disaggregation level, but with much bigger success over the 2007–2013 programming period compared to the previous one. Moreover, Cohesion Policy and institutional quality act as substituting rather than complementary mediating factors.

Keywords: Cohesion Policy; institutional quality; convergence; multiplicative term; conditional effect (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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