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Applying a Social–Ecological Systems Approach to Understanding Local Marine Management Trajectories in Northern Mozambique

Kennedy Osuka (), Sérgio Rosendo (), Michael Riddell (), Jeremy Huet (), Mario Daide (), Ercilio Chauque () and Melita Samoilys ()
Additional contact information
Kennedy Osuka: Coastal Oceans Research and Development—Indian Ocean (CORDIO East Africa), Mombasa Box 10135-80101, Kenya
Sérgio Rosendo: Interdisciplinary Centre of Social Sciences (CICS.NOVA), Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Nova University of Lisbon (NOVA FCSH), Av. de Berna 26-C, 1069-061 Lisbon, Portugal
Michael Riddell: The Landscapes and Livelihoods Group (TLLG), Edinburgh EH3 5QU, Scotland, UK
Jeremy Huet: Conservation and Policy, Zoological Society of London, London NW1 4RY, UK
Mario Daide: Associação do Meio Ambiente (AMA), Rua 15, Casa 872 P.O., Pemba Box 3200, Cabo Delgado, Mozambique
Ercilio Chauque: Associação do Meio Ambiente (AMA), Rua 15, Casa 872 P.O., Pemba Box 3200, Cabo Delgado, Mozambique
Melita Samoilys: Coastal Oceans Research and Development—Indian Ocean (CORDIO East Africa), Mombasa Box 10135-80101, Kenya

Sustainability, 2020, vol. 12, issue 9, 1-20

Abstract: This study applied the social–ecological systems framework (SESF) to six fishing communities in northern Mozambique where marine resource management is being implemented through the Our Sea Our Life project. Data on 11 variables and 27 indicators were organised using the SESF to represent the key system dimensions (Governance system, Actors, Resource units and Resource system). Variables within each dimension were weighed to a cumulative score of one. High scores (> 0.50) for Governance system occurred where communities had fisheries management rules and good knowledge of fishing gear regulations. High scores for Actors were evident in communities with few migrant fishers and high participation in village savings and loans associations. Elevated scores of the Resource units occurred where fishers targeted a variety of fish taxa. A healthy Resource system was found in communities neighbouring highly productive and resilient reefs, characterised by high fish biomass and diversity. The status of social and ecological conditions coupled with initial levels of project support and quality of technical support were linked with project achievements. Application of the SESF is therefore valuable in understanding interdependent linkages between social and environmental conditions to inform the design of localised management interventions for social–ecological sustainability.

Keywords: co-management; locally managed marine areas; artisanal fisheries; social capital; social and ecological interventions (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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