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An Analysis of the Impact of Market Segmentation on Energy Efficiency: A Spatial Econometric Model Applied in China

Liangjun Yi (), Wei Zhang (), Yuanxin Liu () and Weilin Zhang ()
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Liangjun Yi: School of Economics, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu 611130, China
Wei Zhang: School of Economics, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu 611130, China
Yuanxin Liu: School of Economics and Management, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206, China
Weilin Zhang: School of Economics, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu 611130, China

Sustainability, 2021, vol. 13, issue 14, 1-23

Abstract: China’s recent development has been nothing short of remarkable, but energy-saving, and environmental protection is still a serious problem. The improvement of energy efficiency (EE) is an important factor for China to better follow the path of energy conservation, sustainable development, and environmental protection. Meanwhile, market segmentation is a unique phenomenon in the process of China’s economic development. Hence, studying market segmentation on energy efficiency has positive significance for improving energy efficiency. The major objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between EE and market segmentation. This paper measures market segmentation by the Price-Based Approach, calculating EE by super slack-based measure (super-SBM), and integrated spatial Durbin model and geographically weighted regression model. Based on the panel data of 30 provinces in China from 1995 to 2018, this paper finds that: (1) Regional market segmentation has a significant negative effect on EE. Moreover, in terms of spatial effect, market segmentation has a positive spatial spillover on EE estimated by 0-1 matrix suggesting that market segmentation in the surrounding area has a positive impact on local EE. (2) The negative effect of Market segmentation on EE demonstrates the obvious regional difference: Eastern region > central region > western region. In addition, geographically weighted regression results show that the impact of market segmentation on EE shows that in regional spatial distribution, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Anhui have the strongest negative effect, second in Fujian, Jiangxi, Shandong, Henan, Hubei, Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei. (3) This paper confirms that market segmentation can affect EE through local protectionism, technological difference, and scale effect. Finally, through the above research basis, put forward the corresponding policy suggestions.

Keywords: energy efficiency; market segmentation; spatial econometric model; super-SBM; Price-Based Approach (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O13 Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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