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Predictive Role of Ex Ante Strategic Firm Characteristics for Sustainable Initial Public Offering (IPO) Survival

Iftikhar Ahmad (), Izlin Ismail () and Shahrin Saaid Shaharuddin ()
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Iftikhar Ahmad: Department of Finance and Banking, Faculty of Business and Accountancy, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
Izlin Ismail: Department of Finance and Banking, Faculty of Business and Accountancy, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
Shahrin Saaid Shaharuddin: Department of Finance and Banking, Faculty of Business and Accountancy, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia

Sustainability, 2021, vol. 13, issue 14, 1-26

Abstract: This study attempts to predict how long a newly listed corporation, usually termed initial public offering (IPO), will survive on the equity listing market. The three-fold contribution of this study comprises a hand-collected and substantially expanded dataset for listed IPOs (1990–2017) over a maximum tracking period of 31 years (1990–2020) to predict the IPO survival on emerging Malaysian capital market, the rationale and consequences for unifying the two listing boards (Main Board and Second Board) in 2009, and an investigation of the predictive role of ex ante strategic prospectus information as early warning signals for sustainable survival of Malaysian IPOs. We also make comparisons for the survival profile of IPOs listed on different listing equity boards. We use Cox proportional hazard (PH) model to estimate the empirical results because of the cohort research design of the study. Overall empirical results show that survival curves for IPOs listed on Main Board and Second Board were not statistically different. However, Second Board IPOs remained more vulnerable to hazard. The survival curves for IPOs listed on Main Market and ACE Market are statistically different. Empirical results reveal that high share premium, high listed capital, and longer firm age at listing date significantly increase the survival (reduce hazard) of IPOs listed on the Main Market and the Second Board. However, bigger firm size and elevated risk factors significantly reduce the survival (increase hazard) of the listed IPOs mentioned above. However, share premium is the only variable that has a negative and significant correlation with IPO survival on ACE Market. These results have implications for the regulators, prospective investors, and policymakers of emerging markets, where the IPO prospectus disclosures bridge the information asymmetry gap prevailing due to the nonexistence of public information prior to the IPO. Empirical findings of this study can be generalized to other developing and emerging markets where IPO prospectus substantially mitigates information asymmetry and ex ante strategic firm characteristics act as early warning signals in predicting IPO survival.

Keywords: IPO; sustainable survival; hazard; strategic firm characteristics; listing markets; Bursa Malaysia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O13 Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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