EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Climate Change and Internet of Things Technologies—Sustainable Premises of Extending the Culture of the Amurg Cultivar in Transylvania—A Use Case for Târnave Vineyard

Veronica Sanda Chedea (), Ana-Maria Drăgulinescu (), Liliana Lucia Tomoiagă (), Cristina Bălăceanu () and Maria Lucia Iliescu ()
Additional contact information
Veronica Sanda Chedea: Research Station for Viticulture and Enology Blaj (SCDVV Blaj), 515400 Blaj, Romania
Ana-Maria Drăgulinescu: Research and Development Department, Beia Consult International, 007182 Bucharest, Romania
Liliana Lucia Tomoiagă: Research Station for Viticulture and Enology Blaj (SCDVV Blaj), 515400 Blaj, Romania
Cristina Bălăceanu: Research and Development Department, Beia Consult International, 007182 Bucharest, Romania
Maria Lucia Iliescu: Research Station for Viticulture and Enology Blaj (SCDVV Blaj), 515400 Blaj, Romania

Sustainability, 2021, vol. 13, issue 15, 1-28

Abstract: Known for its dry and semi-dry white wine, the Târnave vineyard located in central Transylvania is challenged by the current climate change, which has resulted in an increase of the period of active vegetation by approximately 15–20 days, the average annual temperature by 1–1.5 °C and also the amount of useful temperatures (useful thermal balance for the grapevine). Furthermore, the frost periods have been reduced. Transylvania is an important Romanian region for grapevine cultivation. In this context, one can use the climatic changes to expand their wine assortment by cultivating an autochthonous grapevine variety called Amurg. Amurg is a red grape cultivar homologated at SCDVV Blaj, which also homologated 7 cultivars and 11 clones. Because viticulture depends on the stability of meteorological and hydrological parameters of the growing area, its foundations are challenged by climate change. Grapevine production is a long time investment, taking at least five years before the freshly planted vines produce the desired quality berries. We propose the implementation of a climate change-based precision viticulture turn-key solution for environmental monitoring in the Târnave vineyard. This solution aims to evaluate the grapevine’s micro-climate to extend the sustainable cultivation of the Amurg red grapes cultivar in Transylvania with the final goal of obtaining Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) rosé and red wines from this region. Worldwide, the changing conditions from the existing climate (a 30-year average), used in the past hundred years to dictate local standards, such as new and erratic trends of temperature and humidity regimes, late spring freezes, early fall frosts, storms, heatwaves, droughts, area wildfires, and insect infestations, would create dynamic problems for all farmers to thrive. These conditions will make it challenging to predict shifts in each of the components of seasonal weather conditions. Our proposed system also aims to give a solution that can be adapted to other vineyards as well.

Keywords: climate change; Amurg cultivar; Internet of Things; precision viticulture (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O13 Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/13/15/8170/pdf (application/pdf)
https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/13/15/8170/ (text/html)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:13:y:2021:i:15:p:8170-:d:598794

Access Statistics for this article

Sustainability is currently edited by Mr. Samuel Li

More articles in Sustainability from MDPI
Bibliographic data for series maintained by MDPI Indexing Manager ().

 
Page updated 2021-12-07
Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:13:y:2021:i:15:p:8170-:d:598794