Vulnerability among European Youth: A Proposal for a Multidimensional Approach (2013–2017)
Concepción Maiztegui-Oñate and
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Álvaro Moro: Department of Education, Faculty of Education, Bilbao Campus, University of Deusto, 48007 Bilbao, Spain
Concepción Maiztegui-Oñate: Department of Education, Faculty of Education, Bilbao Campus, University of Deusto, 48007 Bilbao, Spain
Josu Solabarrieta: Department of Education, Faculty of Education, Bilbao Campus, University of Deusto, 48007 Bilbao, Spain
Sustainability, 2021, vol. 13, issue 16, 1-20
The notion of vulnerability has acquired an important role in social policy debates. Therefore, the identification of vulnerable groups and their conditions is particularly important for the orientation of public policies and risk reduction. This article aims to offer a broad vision of the situation of European youth (15–29) using three dimensions of vulnerability (personal, economic and socio-cultural dimensions). To do so, we developed a multidimensional approach combining a system of indicators (N = 33) to contrast the evolution of the aforementioned dimensions among the European countries. Based on secondary analysis of quantitative data on European member states, we compared the evolution during two moments in time. The first period examined was 2012–2014, after the global financial crises but prior to the implementation of Youth Guarantee, whereas the second was the period which allowed for an examination of the latest updated data available (2017). Our results confirm territorial imbalances that affect the lives of European youth and their future opportunities. Northern countries led this scenario combining an inclusive education system with supportive labor market policies offering more opportunities to overcome risks. Although this multidimensional analysis is exploratory, its findings provide preliminary insight into the configuration of the dimensions of vulnerability in European youth.
Keywords: vulnerability; economic; monitoring; model; empowerment; youth population; social life (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O13 Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:13:y:2021:i:16:p:9252-:d:616495
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